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This topic is about simple snoring. If you stop breathing, choke, or gasp during sleep, you may have a problem called sleep apnea, which can be serious. For more information, see the topic Sleep Apnea.
What is snoring?
You snore when the flow of air from your mouth or nose to your lungs makes the tissues of your throat vibrate when you sleep. This can make a loud, raspy noise. Loud snoring can make it hard for you and your partner to get a good night’s sleep.
You may not know that you snore. Your bed partner may notice the snoring and that you sleep with your mouth open. If snoring keeps you or your bed partner from getting a good night’s sleep, one or both of you may feel tired during the day.
Snoring may point to other medical problems, such as obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep apnea can be a serious problem, because you stop breathing at times during sleep. So if you snore often, talk to your doctor about it.
Snoring is more common in men than in women.
What causes snoring?
When you sleep, the muscles in the back of the roof of your mouth (soft palate), tongue, and throat relax. If they relax too much, they narrow or block your airway. As you breathe, your soft palate and uvula vibrate and knock against the back of your throat. This causes the sounds you hear during snoring.
The tonsils and adenoids may also vibrate. The narrower the airway is, the more the tissue vibrates, and the louder the snoring is.
See pictures of the tonsils, adenoids, and uvula and the soft palate.
How is it treated?
You may be able to treat snoring by making changes in your activities and in the way you sleep. For example:
Lose weight if you are overweight.
Quit smoking.
Sleep on your side and not your back.
Limit your use of alcohol and medicines such as sedatives before you go to bed.
If a stuffy nose makes your snoring worse, use nose strips, decongestants, or nasal steroid sprays to help you breathe.
When you sleep, use a device in your mouth that helps you breathe easier. This device pushes your tongue and jaw forward to improve airflow.
If these treatments do not work, you may be able to use a machine that helps you breathe while you sleep. This treatment is called continuous positive airway pressure, or CPAP (say "SEE-pap"). In rare cases, your doctor may suggest surgery to open your airway.
Snoring is not always considered a medical problem, so find out if your insurance covers the cost of treatment.
Frequently asked questions
Learning about snoring:
What is snoring?
What causes it?
Can I prevent it?
What are the symptoms?
What happens when I snore?
What increases my risk?
Being diagnosed:
Who can diagnose snoring?
How is it diagnosed?
What is a sleep study?
Should I have a sleep study?
Getting treatment:
How is it treated?
Will I need to take medicines?
Will I need surgery?
What other some other treatments?
Living with snoring:
What can I do at home to stop snoring?
When should I call my doctor?
/By Maria G. Essig, MS, ELS

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